The Impact Of MDS 3.0 On The QIS
How will the changes in the new minimum data set (MDS) 3.0 affect the quality indicator survey (QIS)?
The short answer is that the QIS process will not change significantly with the conversion from MDS 2.0 to 3.0, and the transition will occur as the 3.0 is deployed.
To understand this issue, one must first understand the use of the MDS in the QIS process. Unlike in the traditional survey process, where the MDS quality indicator (QI) and quality measure (QM) reports are reviewed off site to identify care issues and a sample of residents to investigate on site, the QIS uses the MDS to select random samples for Stage 1 investigation.
The QIS also uses the MDS to calculate the Cognitive Performance Scale (CPS) for the census sample of residents to determine if they are able to be interviewed.
Although the CPS is a good initial cognitive screen, the QIS requires further screening of residents at the start of the interview to ensure they are able to answer the questions, since cognition isn’t always consistent.
Finally, the MDS is used to calculate 44 of the 162 quality-of-care and quality-of-life indicators (QCLIs) for all residents in the building in
the last six months. The first 24 of these are taken from the MDS QI and QM reports, while the remainder are new QCLIs that were developed exclusively for the QIS.
‘The QIS uses the MDS to select samples for Stage 1 investigation.’
The MDS QCLIs are calculated at the conclusion of Stage 1, compared with thresholds, and used along with resident, family, and staff interviews; resident observations; and chart reviews to determine the need for further investigation under Stage 2.
Seventy-six percent of the Stage 2 investigations are triggered by QCLIs not from the MDS.
The University of Colorado, under contract with the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), will determine how to incorporate the changes between 2.0 and 3.0 in the QIS process. The CMS information technology contractor will program and deploy the new software.
The use of the MDS for sampling will be largely unchanged. Initially, the CPS will continue to be used for the cognitive screen, but when the MDS 3.0 Brief Interview for Mental Status (BIMS) is calibrated, it will be used along with the CPS.
Some of the items used in the MDS QCLI calculations will remain the same in 3.0. However, many of the items related to quality measurement will change, resulting in changes to the QCLIs that will be phased in as the new QMs are developed and tested.